Sobre a possibilidade de uma dialética dialógica da filosofia social de Hegel

André Cressoni

Resumo


The present paper intends to deal with the basis of the Hegelian theory of action as a discursive-normative ethics of social relations through some icons of recent critical research of Hegel’s work and whose readings are organized around the idea of historically institutionalized shared social practices. I will rely mainly on the interpretation made by Robert Pippin, investigating the possibility of advancing the thesis he points out to, concerning a dialogical reading of Hegelian dialectic in its connection with Platonic dialectic as interpreted by Gadamer. This will be done in view of the Hegelian structure given by Robert Brandom for the formation of a theoretical apparatus capable of sustaining the thesis that the reflective and practical possibilities of different forms of life come from the social horizons of reciprocal determination of the norms that support them. Based on this, I will demonstrate that the Hegelian social theory has its main support in interactions of a typically dialogical character in an interactive diversity of demands established by means of synchronic and diachronic recognitive clashes, thus opening the way for the emergence of new demands that aim for social recognition and political institutionalization. This community of normative discourses allows the possibility to argue that in Hegel’s thinking one is able to find the structures for a non-relativist perspectivism, whose dialectical opening is founded on this ethics of social practices. This, in turn, leads us back to some critical investigations concerning Platonic dialectic as anti-dogmatic and anti-metaphysical, investigations which establish the pillars of a social dialectic that relies on what can the called a community of logoi.


Texto completo:

PDF

Referências


ALLEN, M.P. Hegel between non-domination and expressive freedom. Philosophy and Social Criticism. Vol. 32, No. 4, 2006.

ALMEIDA, C.L.S. Hermenêutica e Dialética. Dos estudos platônicos ao encontro com Hegel. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, 2002.

BOHMAN, J. Is Hegel a Republican? Pippin, Recognition, and Domination in the Philosophy of Right. Inquiry, 2010.

BRANDOM, Robert. Some Pragmatist Themes in Hegel’s Idealism. European Journal of Philosophy, 7:2, 1999.

BRANDOM, Robert. Facts, Norms, and Normative Facts. European Journal of Philosophy, 8:3. 2000.

BRANDOM, Robert. Tales of the Mighty Dead. Historical Essays in the Metaphysics of Intentionality. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2002.

FINDLAY, Jay. Hegel a Re-examination. New York: The MacMillan Company, 1958.

FRUCHON, Pierre. L’herméneutique de Gadamer – platonisme et modernité. Paris: Les Éditions du Cerf, 1994.

GADAMER, Hans-Georg. Studi Platonici vol. I. Genova: Casa Editrice Marietti, 1983.

GADAMER, Hans-Georg. Plato’s Dialectical Ethics. Phenomenological Interpretations Relating to the Philebus. Translated with an introduction b Robert M. Wallace. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1991.

GADAMER, Hans-Georg. L’inizio dela filosofia occidentale. Milano: Guerini e Associati, 1993.

HARTMANN, Klaus. “Hegel: a non-metaphysical view”, in: STERN, Robert (ed). G.W.F.Hegel - Critical Assessments, Vol. III – Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit and Logic. London & New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 1993.

HEGEL, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich. Vorlesungen über die Geschichte der Philosophie. Werke in zwanzig Bänden. Eva Moldenhauer und Karl Markus Michel (hrsg.). Frankfurt a.M.: Suhrkamp, 183.

HEGEL, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich. Rechtsphilosophie. Werke in zwanzig Bänden. Eva Moldenhauer und Karl Markus Michel (hrsg.). Frankfurt a.M.: Suhrkamp, 1983.

IKÄHEIMO, H., LAITINEN, A. Analyzing Recognition: Identification, Acknowledgement, and Recognitive Attitudes towards Persons. In: Recognition and Power. Axel Honneth and the Tradition of Critical Social Theory. BRINK, B.V.D. and OWEN, D. (eds.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

KAUFMAN, A. Hegel and the ontological critique of liberalism. The American Political Science Review. Vol. 91, No. 4, (Dec., 1997)

KERVÉGAN, Jean-François. Hegel’s Political Epistemology. Hegel Bulletin, 2016.

LAITINEN, A. Broader contexts of non-domination: Pettit and Hegel on freedom and recognition. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy. 2015.

LUMSDEN, S. Community in Hegel’s Social Philosophy. Hegel Bulletin, 2017.

MARCUSE, Herbert. Reason and Revolution: Hegel and the Rise of Social Theory. New York: Oxford University Press, 1941.

NEUHOUSER, Frederick. Foundations of Hegel’s Social Theory. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2000.

PATTEN, Allan. Hegel’s Idea of Freedom. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.

PINKARD, Terry. Hegel’s Dialectic. The Explanation of Possibility. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1988.

PIPPIN, Robert. Hegel’s Idealism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

POPPER, Karl. The Open Society and its Enemies. Vol. II The High Tide of Prophecy: Hegel, Marx, and the Aftermath. London: George Routledge & Sons, 1947.

REDDING, Paul. Analytic Philosophy and the Return of Hegelian Thought. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

REDDING, Paul. What might it mean to have a Systematic Ideas, but Anti-Platonist, Practical Philosophy?. In: BROOKS, Thom and STEIN, Sebastian (orgs.). Hegel’s Political Philosophy. On the normative significance of method and system. New York: Oxford University Press, 2017.

SCHUPPERT, F. Discursive control, non-domination and Hegelian recognition theory: marrying Pettit’s account(s) of freedom with a Pippinian/Brandomian reading of Hegelian agency. Philosophy Social Criticism. 2013.

SOLOMON, R.C. In the Spirit of Hegel. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1983.

TAYLOR, Charles. Human Agency and Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

TAYLOR, Charles. Liberalism and Moral Life. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1989.

WOOD, Allen. Method and System in Hegel’s Philosophy of Right. In: Hegel’s Political Philosophy. On the Normative Significance of Method and System. BROOKS, T. and STEIN, S. (editors). Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017.

ZUCKERT, Catherine. Postmodern Platos – Nietzsche, Heidegger, Gadamer, Strauss, Derrida. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.


Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.