Sobre a possibilidade de uma dialética dialógica da filosofia social de Hegel

André Cressoni


The present paper intends to deal with the basis of the Hegelian theory of action as a discursive-normative ethics of social relations through some icons of recent critical research of Hegel’s work and whose readings are organized around the idea of historically institutionalized shared social practices. I will rely mainly on the interpretation made by Robert Pippin, investigating the possibility of advancing the thesis he points out to, concerning a dialogical reading of Hegelian dialectic in its connection with Platonic dialectic as interpreted by Gadamer. This will be done in view of the Hegelian structure given by Robert Brandom for the formation of a theoretical apparatus capable of sustaining the thesis that the reflective and practical possibilities of different forms of life come from the social horizons of reciprocal determination of the norms that support them. Based on this, I will demonstrate that the Hegelian social theory has its main support in interactions of a typically dialogical character in an interactive diversity of demands established by means of synchronic and diachronic recognitive clashes, thus opening the way for the emergence of new demands that aim for social recognition and political institutionalization. This community of normative discourses allows the possibility to argue that in Hegel’s thinking one is able to find the structures for a non-relativist perspectivism, whose dialectical opening is founded on this ethics of social practices. This, in turn, leads us back to some critical investigations concerning Platonic dialectic as anti-dogmatic and anti-metaphysical, investigations which establish the pillars of a social dialectic that relies on what can the called a community of logoi.

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