Estética e Sociabilidade: o problema da religião no jovem Hegel


  • André Cressoni Universidade de São Paulo


The main objective of this paper lies in assessing the relation of sensibility and imagination in comprising an aesthetical project for ethics and politics. It aims at establishing how sensibility and imagination are thought as primordial ethical powers. This will be accomplished by analyzing the role religion plays in young Hegel’s writings and in which way Hellenism constitutes a counterbalance to his Enlightenment inheritance. Texts and fragments dated up to Bern’s period will be analyzed in order to integrate these writings into a cohesive theoretical framework and therefore offer a wider and clearer picture of how three general guidelines lead Hegel’s reflections: the sensible-intelligible duality problematic, the adherence to an Hellenic ideal of unity, and the reframing of primal Enlightenment motifs, especially those formulated by Rousseau and Kant. These three main flows form the basis upon which I analyze how the categories of positivity, autonomy and reason are called upon and reframed by the young Hegel in the shaping of the concepts of his Republican ideal, namely subjective religion and folk religion. The intended result comprises of proving that the young Hegel’s concern revolves around the ethical and social limits of the private-public duality, and his solution is to resort to a kind of simple experience of life led by the Greeks and which could change Modern social relations through their religious beliefs and practices into more reconciliatory forms of life between individuum and community.


ASVELD, Paul. La pensée religieuse du jeune Hegel. Liberté et aliénation. Paris: Publications Universitaires, 1953.

BECKENKAMP, Joãozinho. O jovem Hegel – formação de um sistema pós-kantiano. São Paulo: Edições Loyola, 2009.

DILTHEY, Wilhelm. Hegel y el Idealismo. Trad. Eugenio Ímaz, México D.F.: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1944.

HAERING, Theodor. Hegel sein Wollen und sein Werk. Eine chronologische Entwicklungsgeschichte der Gedanken und der Sprache Hegels. Band I. Leipzig und Berlin: B. G. Teubner, 1929.

HARRIS, H.S. Hegel's Development – Toward the Sunlight 1770-1801. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1972.

HEGEL, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Werke in zwanzig Bänden. Eva Moldenhauer und Karl Markus Michel (hrsg.). Frankfurt a.M.: Suhrkamp.

HEGEL, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Premiers Écrits (Francfort 1797-1800). Textes réunis, introduits, traduits et annotés par Olivier Depré. Paris: J. Vrin, 1997.

HÖLDERLIN, Friedrich. Sämmliche Werke. Stuttgart: W.Kohlhammer Verlag, 1966.

HYPPOLITE, Jean. Introdução à Filosofia da História de Hegel. Trad. Hamílcar de Garcia. Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brasileira, 1971.

JANICAUD, Dominique. Hegel et le Destin de la Grèce. Paris: Vrin, 1975.

KANT, Immanuel. Kant Gesammelte Werke. Königlich Preußischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Berlin: 1913.

LEGROS, Robert. Le jeune Hegel et la naissance de la pensée romantique. Grèce: Éditions Ousia, 1980.

LUKÁCS, Gyorgy. The young Hegel: Studies in the relations between dialectics and economics. Translated by Rodney Livingstone. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1976.

NOHL, Herman. Hegels Theologische Jugendschrift. Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr, 1907.

ROSENZWEIG, Franz. Hegel e o Estado. Trad. Ricardo Timm de Souza. São Paulo: Perspectiva, 2008.

ROUSSEAU, Jean-Jacques- The Social Contract. Trans. Christopher Betts. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

SCHILLER, Friedrich. Sämmliche Werke in Sechs Bänden. Bibliothek der Weltliteratur. Deutsche Klassiker. Band I Gedichte. Stuttgart: Fackelverlag, 1984.

SCHÜLER, Gisela. Zur Chronologie von Hegels Jugendschriften, in: Hegel-Studien, 2, 1963, p. 111-159.

TAMINIAUX, Jacques. Introduction. In: HEGEL, G.W.F. Système de la vie étique. Trad. Jacques Taminiaux. Paris : Payot, 1992.

WINCKELMANN, Johann Joachim Gedanken über die Nachahmung der grieschischen Werke in der Mahlerey und Bildhauer-Kunst. Verlag der Waltherischen Handlung Dresden und Leipzig, 1756.

YACK, Bernard. The Longing for Total Revolution. Philosophic Sources of Social Discontent from Rousseau to Marx and Nietzsche. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986.